Refractive Eye Surgery

Eye surgery known in medical terms as orogolomistician surgery or ocular surgery, is performed by an eye surgeon called an ophthalmologist. Due to the fact that the eye is a delicate organ, extra care is taken during the entire period of the surgery, which includes the pre and post-surgery period. An anaesthetic is usually administered to the patient prior to the surgery to eliminate pain sensations and keep the patient in a good state for the surgery.

Refractive Eye Surgery

After an eye operation the patient is expected to undergo a follow-up period, which is almost as important as the surgery itself and must be strictly adhered, to forestall complications.  The length of the follow-up period varies depending on the type of surgery and the patient’s condition.  There are different types of eye surgeries and they depend on the condition for which the surgery is conducted.  One of such surgeries is refractive eye surgery.

What is Refractive Eye Surgery?

Refractive eye surgery is used to correct errors of refractions in the eye.  This surgery could be a solution for those tired of wearing glasses or contact lenses.  It is aimed at reshaping the cornea to ensure that light travelling through it is properly focused onto the retina located in the black spot of the eye.  After the surgery, the patient might have a week of recovery with slight itchy eyes.

Refractive Eye Surgery Procedure

Prior to the surgery patients will be required to avoid rimmed lenses three weeks before or contact lenses one week before the surgery.  A pre operation test is conducted to ensure that the patient is suited for the surgery.  The test includes corneal topography to examine the curvature of the eye as well as the health of the eyes tear film, which protects the cornea of the eye.

Surgery is not an option if the test reveals that the patient’s pupils dilate too widely in low light, because the patient might have issues with glares and hallows at night if the operation is done.  Stable vision is important for refractive surgery and if the patient’s eye is found to change frequently then contact lenses will be a better option than surgery.  This surgery is aimed at reshaping the cornea to allow light travelling through to be properly focused on the retina which is located in the back of the eye.

There are different types of refractive eye surgery and they include PRK which stands for Photorefractive Surgical Procedure, LASIK which stands for Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis and LASEK which stands for Laser-Assisted Sub Epithelial Keratectomy. 

Cost of Refractive Eye Surgery

This surgery is not available on the NHS because it is considered non-essential. However private treatment usually costs between £1000-1500 per eye and is available at some NHS hospitals.  Factors that determine the cost of refractive eye surgery range from the location of the clinic to the type of equipments available in the clinic among others.  The density of clinics in an area could also affect the cost of the surgery as an area with many clinics offering the service can cause the price to decrease.